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Focus on infrastructure development has made human rights enforcement lacking?

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The office of National Human Rights Commission in Jakarta – Supplied

Jakarta, Jubi – Still in the framework of evaluation of Joko Widodo – Jusuf Kalla 3 years’ government, law enforcement and human rights is
the most hot topic and spotlight of many parties.

This time the Vice Chairman of Commission III of the House of Representatives, Benny K. Harman who considered the performance
of government of Joko Widodo – M. Jusuf Kalla in the field of law enforcement, tend to walk in place.

“We are like running in place, the progress in law enforcement field is like ‘poco-poco dance’,” Benny said as quoted by Antara
on Saturday (October 28) in a discussion in Jakarta entitled Critical Evaluation of Three Years of Jokowi Government; where is Legal Justice?

According to him, the lack of performance shows the government is not working well. “If this is the case, we can do this even without the president,” he said.

According to him, the law in Indonesia today tends to be used by the government as a tool of power by putting justice aside .

“The law is supposed to guard democracy, but I am afraid that the it used as a tool to achieve the interests of power,” he said.

Focus on infrastructure is the cause?

In response, Experts Office Staff of the President, Ifdhal Kasim said it is due to government policy focusing on infrastructure development,
which does cause less attention in other areas.

But Ifdhal also specifies, current legal reforms concentrate on regulatory reform, the settlement of a number of human rights cases
and the reform of legal institutions.

He said from seven past human rights violation cases, two are under legal processing.

“There have been two cases, that is Wasior and Wamena in Papua, which are now in the process of submitting to the court,” he said.

He claims the government is looking for the best solution to resolve a number of other human rights cases and is expected to be completed
before President Jokowi’s term is completed by 2019. “The government is looking for a comprehensive format of human rights resolution,” he
said.

While in some official responses at UN forums, such as Human Rights Council Meeting, Universal Periodic Review (UPR) and General Assembly
of the United Nations few weeks before, the Indonesian government has consistently explained various claims of infrastructure development
outcomes in Papua under Jokowi’s government as responses to issues Human Rights of Papua.

It seems as a way to counter the issues of separatism or self-determination that began to get additional support in the UN forums, not only from the Pacific countries, but also some countries in the Caribbean and Africa.

Related to that, Foreign Minister Retno Marsudi told BBC (26/10) that government can not prevent countries in the South Pacific region from promoting human rights issues in Papua to the UN General Assembly. Because every UN member country gets the right to discuss any subject in the public forum.

“All countries are free to express their opinion, that is their right,” said Retno after describing the achievements of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs under the administration of President Joko Widodo in Jakarta.

However, she continued, Indonesian diplomats at the UN are encouraged to answer all the demands and insistence by other countries through the exposure of development progress that proclaimed by the government.

“Our right is to explain the development carried out in Papua, comprehensive developments etc, as we have explained,” said Retno.

Attention to human rights has lost

Previously, Amnesty International in their evaluation statement on the performance of Jokowi’s human rights sector concluded that Jokowi’s
political commitment in handling human rights violations cases has disappeared.

“Jokowi’s commitment and will have been lost while the time is ticking,” said Usman Hamid, Director of Amnesty International
Indonesia, quoted by Tempo.co (10/10) during a press conference at his office in Menteng, Central Jakarta.

According to human rights activists and former Kontras Coordinator, one of the causes of the stagnancy of human rights cases settlement is that the judicial system eliminates punishment of military personnel involved in human rights violations.

In fact, he continued, many rules of law that can be used as a basis for the government to resolve the issue of human rights. “But there is
an unfairness of Jokowi in using the constitution,” he said.

So it is not surprising that many cases of human rights violations ended in documents and notes. Some of the cases are related to freedom of expression and religion, to cases of violence.(tabloidjubi.com/Zely)

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Environment

The story of illegal logging from the forests of Papua

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Illegal timbers – an illustration. -Tempo.co

Jayapura, Jubi – Tempo journalist Avit Hidayat shared his experience in doing an investigation about the circulation of illegal timbers from Papua’s forest as a resource person for the discussion about “ Papua’s Forest and Logging Disputes”.

Auriga Nusantara, Eyes on the Forest, Tempo Institute, Free Press Unlimited, and Tempo Media Grup held this forum in Jakarta, Monday, 28 January 2019 and attended by other resource persons, such as Laode M. Syarif (KPK commissionaire), Rasio Ridho Sani (Gakkum-KLHK), Hilman Nugroho (PHPL-KLHK) Muhamad Kosar (JPIK), Timotius Murib (Majelis Rakyat Papua) and Papuan stakeholders from indigenous peoples, Papuan Parliament and Papua Provincial Forestry Office.

In the discussion, Avit said it is essential for the public to know about the situation in Papua. “The tropical forests in Papua are the last (forests) in Indonesia, while the Merbau wood which is the Papuan endemic trees have been becoming the target of the international market,” he said. 

Furthermore, Avid said he conducted the investigation in many different places and interviewed many resource persons; and in Papua, the Tempo team went further to the logging sites. There, they witnessed how the workers who come from other regions carried out the illegal logging activity. They also met transporters, woodmasters, drivers, and logging company staffs.

“And the most important thing is we met the supplier. The supplier is a mediator of the logging companies who play a role to bargain with ‘ondo’—the tribal chief–for compensation. For example, if in a village there are common indigenous lands, the supplier comes to measuring the areas, and give payment to indigenous peoples.”

In their investigation, the Tempo team also met the owners of a logging company who later admitted about the illegal logging activity.  However, they called it the unregistered community logging.

Meanwhile, in Aroba Sub-district of Teluk Bintuni, Papua Barat, the team went to the forest areas of the company who received the Business License for the Utilization of Natural Forest and Timber Product (IUPHHK-HA) that formerly known as a Forest Concession Permit (HPH). There, the team found the manipulation of a wood barcode. For instance, the barcode for ketapang wood is used for Merbau wood.

Moreover, the team also investigated the primary industry in Papua, Surabaya, Lumajang, Gresik by tracing the distribution of logs. Here, they found another finding, namely the fake transport data and officials’ involvement, whereas the illegal retribution practice has also become their another concern.

In their journey from Sarmi to Jayapura Municipality, the team discovered 25 retribution posts that consist of the indigenous institution, police (military) and Forestry Office. “This is the fact that we found, but I couldn’t capture it because it was too risky. We even witness a military truck used to transport the logs.”

Furthermore, the Tempo team met the export logging companies and found those companies able to export up to 6,000-meter cubic annually, while based on the Forest Product Information Management System (SIPUH), they only allowed to export around 100-meter cubic.

“In Surabaya, we went to a barge and talked with an officer. He said not all logs are given barcode. A few logging companies intentionally inserted non-barcode logs or illegal logs in there. They are mostly the HPH holders, and they even put the timbers between the logs.”

However, all these findings did not include in the audit industry report registered in the Timber Legality and Verification System Legality and Verification System (SVLK) which consist of the Assessment Agency for Sustainable Forest Production Management (LP-PHPL) and Timber Verification Agency (LV-LK). Both agencies are responsible for assessing the sustainable forest product management and verify the legality aspect of timber based on the system and standards set by the government.

“We also got the information about the involvement of LV-LK and LP-PHPL, which means they play around with such companies and culprits from the forestry office. I think the KPK has identified these cases.”

In the meantime, a resource person from the National Accreditation Committee (KAN) acknowledged that there were bribery practices in the LV-LK. The audit report had often finished before the field assessment.

Meanwhile, the participants appreciated the findings of Tempo’s investigation. They expected the government to find a solution immediately, whether it’s a regulation or supervision and law enforcement.

On the other hand, a representative of LV-LK objected this report regarding the bribery practices in his institution. But Avit said until now none of the resource persons withdrew their statements and opposed the result of the team’s investigation.

Meanwhile, Agung Wijaya, Avit’s editor for this covered story, said he was worried about Avit’s safety during the investigation. But finally, this report was completed and published.

He further said Tempo had traced the case of illegal logging since 2017. Thus, publishing the investigation report becomes a moral burden for Tempo. Therefore Tempo will continue to monitor this issue and welcome other stakeholders who attended this forum for further discussion.

Through this coverage, Tempo attempted to look the case thoroughly even though it might not give a solution because the solution is actually in the hand of all of you (who come to this forum).” (*)

 

Reporter: Timoteus Marten

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Indonesian military to complete Trans-Papua Highway

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Indonesian soldiers participate in a major military jungle warfare exercise in Poso, in central Sulawesi island, on March 31, 2015. -Photo: AFP

Papua, Jubi – Officials working on a troubled road project in Papua say Indonesia’s military will complete the job this year.

In December, at least 16 Indonesians working on the Trans-Papua Highway in Nduga province were massacred by fighters from the West Papua Liberation Army.

The project was put on hold with the military saying it would take over work on the 4000 kilometre highway.

Combat engineers will reportedly carry out the construction, with hundreds of extra security personnel deployed to the area.

Detik News reports a military battalion has been assigned to the building of the project’s remaining 16 bridges.

Indonesian army engineers had already been working on the Trans-Papua Highway project for a number of years.

Military involvement in the project was cited by the Liberation Army as a central reason for killing the road workers, who were suspected of being soldiers. (*)

 

Source: Radionz.co.nz

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Indonesian soldier dead after attack at Papua airport

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Members of the Indonesian Army in Papua. -Photo: AFP

Papua, Jubi – Indonesia’s military has evacuated the body of a soldier killed at an airport in Papua’s Highlands on Monday.

Xinhua reported that gunmen shot at an arriving aircraft carrying soldiers at Mapenduma airport of Nduga district, leaving one soldier dead.

Military spokesman Colonel Muhammad Aidi said when the plane was about to land, it was shot at, and soldiers who were guarding the airport shot back, triggering gunfire exchange.

He said the gunmen retreated and escaped to the forest and the plane landed.

Tempo reported that two soldiers were shot, and hospitalised, with one dying later.

The soldier’s body has been evacuated to Papua’s provincial capital Jayapura,

He is the latest apparent victim in the Highlands conflict between guerilla forces of the West Papua Liberation Army and Indonesian security forces that intensified last year. (*)

 

Source: Radionz.co.nz

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