Jayapura Jubi – At least 100 people from Papuan Student Alliance (AMP) and the Indonesian’s Front for West Papua (FRI West Papua) were arrested in Yogyakarta, Semarang and Jakarta during the anniversary to protest 55 years of New York Agreement.
The protest actions by AMP and FRI West Papua were conducted in several cities in Java Island such as Jakarta, Yogyakarta, Malang, Semarang, Bandung, and also in Ternate City, North Maluku.
All the action in the cities of Java was thwarted and dissolved by various pro-Indonesia Unity (NKRI) mass organizations and local police officers. According the official facebook account of AMP, there were injured victims from those detained includes some accompanying lawyers.
In Semarang it was reported that 47 people were taken to Semarang Resort Police Station, even included two lawyers from Semarang Legal Aid Institute (PBH) who then gave legal assistance for the protest.
According to Hupla Sobolim who monitored the action in Semarang Tuesday (August 15), explained that the police had blocked their rally even before arriving at the meeting point at Diponegoro Statue.
“Dozens action participants were intercepted by the police and asked us to dismiss for reasons of no permission. But in fact we have sent the letter of notification, but the police rejected to issue the permit,” he said.
The same thing was experienced by dozens of action participants in other cities in Java. The police dispersed the crowd for not having permission to take to the streets, while the organizers had sent a notice.
The police also threatened for the protest should not be held since there are counter-organizations which against the demands of Papuans. And the police choose to let the counter-organization to conduct their act instead of pro Papuan protest action.
Hupla went on to say that he saw the protest coordinator, Januarius Adii, while given speech, suddenly dragged by the police and forced him into the police car. “His dreadlocked hair is pulled by the police,” he said.
“In addition, the police also pulled one of the lawyers from LBH Semarang, Rizky Putra Edry. Both (Janus and Rizky) were transported into a police truck,” said Hupla.
The protest participants require both to be released and demanded to stay on the road. “Finally, all the masses were pushed into police trucks,” Hupla said, explaining that the police were also transporting Nico Andi Wauran, another LBH Semarang lawyer, and was forced to squat as he was being held by police.
The police took 17 posters and 1 banner from the action.
While in Yogyakarta, 29 people were also arrested without having held the action. Since early in the morning, the police and Jogja Rembug (Katon Paksi), a local pro NKRI organization has been gathered at the action point and watch for the crowd to come.
“At 10 am two police cars, 3 police trucks, 10 police motorbikes, 1 water cannon, and more than 100 police and 30 Jogja Rembug (Katon Paksi) mass organizations are on guard,” according to a chronology received by Jubi from Emanuel Gobay, a LBH Yogyakarta lawyer, Tuesday (August 15).
The Paksi Kator also marched in front of AMP and FRI West Papua crowd while chanted, “Separatist, hit, hit, hit, communist, beat, beat, beat. NKRI harga mati (NKRI is a death price or no negotiation for NKRI)”.
But dozens of people from AMP and FRI West Papua try to push through their action. It was then they were herded into a police truck again.
At 6 PM local time, they were finally released. “FRI West Papua and AMP of Yogyakarta City, amounted to 29 people, all have been released,” said Emanuel to Jubi.
In Jakarta, 24 people were still detained at Jakarta Metropolitan Police. There are five victims of injuries. They were all released later of the evening at about 9.30 PM local time.
While in Malang, the action was also dissolved. One man claimed to have sustained a head injury after being punched by a civillian militia member after he shouted “merdeka”, a common cry for Papuan freedom
Approximately 30 participants gathered at Gajayana Stadium since the morning. They were intercepted by pro NKRI mass organizations such as Pemuda Pancasila, GM FKPPI and some religious mass organizations with religious attributes such of turban, white cap and Muslim long clothing while holding a red and white flag. They shouted a slogan of NKRI is a death price.
The New York Agreement signed on August 15, 1962 between the Netherlands and Indonesia related to the fate of West New Guinea. The agreement was deemed not to represent indigenous Papuans because it did not involve representatives of West New Guinea.
It is said as the US-brokered deal under which the Netherlands agreed to transfer control of West Papua to Indonesia, pending a UN-administered plebiscite.
The agreement then paved the way for 1969’s Act of Free Choice which gave Indonesia control of the former Dutch New Guinea. Many Papuans say the process was undemocratic and a betrayal.(*)
Editor: Zely Ariane
The story of illegal logging from the forests of Papua
Jayapura, Jubi – Tempo journalist Avit Hidayat shared his experience in doing an investigation about the circulation of illegal timbers from Papua’s forest as a resource person for the discussion about “ Papua’s Forest and Logging Disputes”.
Auriga Nusantara, Eyes on the Forest, Tempo Institute, Free Press Unlimited, and Tempo Media Grup held this forum in Jakarta, Monday, 28 January 2019 and attended by other resource persons, such as Laode M. Syarif (KPK commissionaire), Rasio Ridho Sani (Gakkum-KLHK), Hilman Nugroho (PHPL-KLHK) Muhamad Kosar (JPIK), Timotius Murib (Majelis Rakyat Papua) and Papuan stakeholders from indigenous peoples, Papuan Parliament and Papua Provincial Forestry Office.
In the discussion, Avit said it is essential for the public to know about the situation in Papua. “The tropical forests in Papua are the last (forests) in Indonesia, while the Merbau wood which is the Papuan endemic trees have been becoming the target of the international market,” he said.
Furthermore, Avid said he conducted the investigation in many different places and interviewed many resource persons; and in Papua, the Tempo team went further to the logging sites. There, they witnessed how the workers who come from other regions carried out the illegal logging activity. They also met transporters, woodmasters, drivers, and logging company staffs.
“And the most important thing is we met the supplier. The supplier is a mediator of the logging companies who play a role to bargain with ‘ondo’—the tribal chief–for compensation. For example, if in a village there are common indigenous lands, the supplier comes to measuring the areas, and give payment to indigenous peoples.”
In their investigation, the Tempo team also met the owners of a logging company who later admitted about the illegal logging activity. However, they called it the unregistered community logging.
Meanwhile, in Aroba Sub-district of Teluk Bintuni, Papua Barat, the team went to the forest areas of the company who received the Business License for the Utilization of Natural Forest and Timber Product (IUPHHK-HA) that formerly known as a Forest Concession Permit (HPH). There, the team found the manipulation of a wood barcode. For instance, the barcode for ketapang wood is used for Merbau wood.
Moreover, the team also investigated the primary industry in Papua, Surabaya, Lumajang, Gresik by tracing the distribution of logs. Here, they found another finding, namely the fake transport data and officials’ involvement, whereas the illegal retribution practice has also become their another concern.
In their journey from Sarmi to Jayapura Municipality, the team discovered 25 retribution posts that consist of the indigenous institution, police (military) and Forestry Office. “This is the fact that we found, but I couldn’t capture it because it was too risky. We even witness a military truck used to transport the logs.”
Furthermore, the Tempo team met the export logging companies and found those companies able to export up to 6,000-meter cubic annually, while based on the Forest Product Information Management System (SIPUH), they only allowed to export around 100-meter cubic.
“In Surabaya, we went to a barge and talked with an officer. He said not all logs are given barcode. A few logging companies intentionally inserted non-barcode logs or illegal logs in there. They are mostly the HPH holders, and they even put the timbers between the logs.”
However, all these findings did not include in the audit industry report registered in the Timber Legality and Verification System Legality and Verification System (SVLK) which consist of the Assessment Agency for Sustainable Forest Production Management (LP-PHPL) and Timber Verification Agency (LV-LK). Both agencies are responsible for assessing the sustainable forest product management and verify the legality aspect of timber based on the system and standards set by the government.
“We also got the information about the involvement of LV-LK and LP-PHPL, which means they play around with such companies and culprits from the forestry office. I think the KPK has identified these cases.”
In the meantime, a resource person from the National Accreditation Committee (KAN) acknowledged that there were bribery practices in the LV-LK. The audit report had often finished before the field assessment.
Meanwhile, the participants appreciated the findings of Tempo’s investigation. They expected the government to find a solution immediately, whether it’s a regulation or supervision and law enforcement.
On the other hand, a representative of LV-LK objected this report regarding the bribery practices in his institution. But Avit said until now none of the resource persons withdrew their statements and opposed the result of the team’s investigation.
Meanwhile, Agung Wijaya, Avit’s editor for this covered story, said he was worried about Avit’s safety during the investigation. But finally, this report was completed and published.
He further said Tempo had traced the case of illegal logging since 2017. Thus, publishing the investigation report becomes a moral burden for Tempo. Therefore Tempo will continue to monitor this issue and welcome other stakeholders who attended this forum for further discussion.
“Through this coverage, Tempo attempted to look the case thoroughly even though it might not give a solution because the solution is actually in the hand of all of you (who come to this forum).” (*)
Reporter: Timoteus Marten
Editor: Pipit Maizier
Indonesian military to complete Trans-Papua Highway
Papua, Jubi – Officials working on a troubled road project in Papua say Indonesia’s military will complete the job this year.
In December, at least 16 Indonesians working on the Trans-Papua Highway in Nduga province were massacred by fighters from the West Papua Liberation Army.
The project was put on hold with the military saying it would take over work on the 4000 kilometre highway.
Combat engineers will reportedly carry out the construction, with hundreds of extra security personnel deployed to the area.
Detik News reports a military battalion has been assigned to the building of the project’s remaining 16 bridges.
Indonesian army engineers had already been working on the Trans-Papua Highway project for a number of years.
Military involvement in the project was cited by the Liberation Army as a central reason for killing the road workers, who were suspected of being soldiers. (*)
Indonesian soldier dead after attack at Papua airport
Papua, Jubi – Indonesia’s military has evacuated the body of a soldier killed at an airport in Papua’s Highlands on Monday.
Xinhua reported that gunmen shot at an arriving aircraft carrying soldiers at Mapenduma airport of Nduga district, leaving one soldier dead.
Military spokesman Colonel Muhammad Aidi said when the plane was about to land, it was shot at, and soldiers who were guarding the airport shot back, triggering gunfire exchange.
He said the gunmen retreated and escaped to the forest and the plane landed.
Tempo reported that two soldiers were shot, and hospitalised, with one dying later.
The soldier’s body has been evacuated to Papua’s provincial capital Jayapura,
He is the latest apparent victim in the Highlands conflict between guerilla forces of the West Papua Liberation Army and Indonesian security forces that intensified last year. (*)
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