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Indigenous Peoples of Papua




Free West Papua Movement (Jubi)

Free West Papua Movement (Jubi)

Jayapura, 6/7 (Jubi) – Free Papua Movement (OPM) rebels in Pirime, Lanny Jaya regency have threatened to attack the city of Central Highlands to disrupt the July 9 presidential election.

The group, under the leadership of Erimbo Enden Wanimbo, said it was planning to attack a number of vital objects and the headquarters of the security forces on Sunday (6/7).
“We are calling for a boycott of the Presidential Election and demand for a referendum,” Wanimbo told reporters at the headquarters in Pirime, Lanny Jaya on Saturday (5/7).

He said the plan is part of OPM’s struggle for independence for Papua. During this time, the Indonesian government never give a chance for Papua to develop. Indonesia has colonizing Papua and has exploiting natural resources (SDA).
“Papua does not belong to Indonesia. Indonesia committed human rights violations, takes our land, destroy our forests. This moment, we are asking to give back all of them. We want free and independent,” he said.

He further said that the issue of human rights violations has begun since Indonesia government deployed the soldiers to enter the coastal and mountainous areas in Papua where there was holding the Act (the Act) which was far from fair and honest.
“The Papuans were killed during the Act. We could not resist, but now we are going against Indonesia with arrows and guns. We’ll see who wins,” he said.

Act of 1969 was implemented as part of New York agreement. Referendum (Pepera) was held in three stages, the first was consultations with regency council in Jayapura on the procedure for the implementation of the Act and second was the Act of Deliberation Council elections.
“The third was the implementation of the Act of Merauke to Jayapura. Referendum results were then taken to the UN General Assembly and approved on November 19, 1969. The Act was not valid. We demand a referendum over, ” Wanimbo explained.

Wanimbo is one of three ‘rulers’ of Papau movement army in the central highlands. The other two are Purom Wenda and Goliath Tabuni. He claimed as a young fighter who has hundreds of soldiers in the Pirime to Bolakme territories.

His Troops hold automatic weapons and often interfere with a number of military posts. His major action with his soldiers was to attack Pirime police station in Lanny Jaya on November 27 2012 and three members were killed. They are Pirime Police Chief Inspector Rolfi Takubessy, Brigadier Jefri Rumkorem, and Brigadier Daniel Makuker.

On Wedensday, November 28, 2012, They headed off Papua Police Chief, Inspector General Tito Carnavian and Asintel Military Command XVII of Paradise Col. Napoleon when they were on the way to Tiom in Lanny Jaya. There were no casualties in the incident.

In the closed interview, Wanimbo rejects the dialogue between Jakarta and Papua. He condemned any activity on behalf of the people of Papua and called for a peace talks between Indonesia and Papua.
“We do not need it, we need a referendum. If the dialogue, it’s just wasting time, “he said.

The ‘dialogue’ can be politicized by the elite.
“People do not need dialogue. If there is a network of OPM is to encourage negotiations or dialogue, we firmly reject it. It is not in line with our mission as a Papua fighter,” he explained.

He urged the Indonesian government and the international community immediately hold a referendum for Papua. According to him, in the Indonesian constitution contained the phrase “Surely, freedom is the right of all nations, therefore colonization over the world should be abolished because it does not conform with humanity and justice.”
“On that basis, we claim the right of self-determination through a valid referendum mechanism ,” he said.

In response to these threats, regional commander XVII of Cenderwasih, Major General (TNI) Christian Zebua said, he feels sad if there are a group who against them were shot dead.
“If they have taken up arms, of course we will reciprocate and do not hesitate to quell. We’re ready if they want to attack the security forces. There would be a welcome greeting from us, ” Regional Commandersaid in teleconference on Sunday (6/7). (Jubi / Indrayadi TH/ Tina)

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Indonesian military to complete Trans-Papua Highway



Indonesian soldiers participate in a major military jungle warfare exercise in Poso, in central Sulawesi island, on March 31, 2015. -Photo: AFP

Papua, Jubi – Officials working on a troubled road project in Papua say Indonesia’s military will complete the job this year.

In December, at least 16 Indonesians working on the Trans-Papua Highway in Nduga province were massacred by fighters from the West Papua Liberation Army.

The project was put on hold with the military saying it would take over work on the 4000 kilometre highway.

Combat engineers will reportedly carry out the construction, with hundreds of extra security personnel deployed to the area.

Detik News reports a military battalion has been assigned to the building of the project’s remaining 16 bridges.

Indonesian army engineers had already been working on the Trans-Papua Highway project for a number of years.

Military involvement in the project was cited by the Liberation Army as a central reason for killing the road workers, who were suspected of being soldiers. (*)



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Indonesian soldier dead after attack at Papua airport



Members of the Indonesian Army in Papua. -Photo: AFP

Papua, Jubi – Indonesia’s military has evacuated the body of a soldier killed at an airport in Papua’s Highlands on Monday.

Xinhua reported that gunmen shot at an arriving aircraft carrying soldiers at Mapenduma airport of Nduga district, leaving one soldier dead.

Military spokesman Colonel Muhammad Aidi said when the plane was about to land, it was shot at, and soldiers who were guarding the airport shot back, triggering gunfire exchange.

He said the gunmen retreated and escaped to the forest and the plane landed.

Tempo reported that two soldiers were shot, and hospitalised, with one dying later.

The soldier’s body has been evacuated to Papua’s provincial capital Jayapura,

He is the latest apparent victim in the Highlands conflict between guerilla forces of the West Papua Liberation Army and Indonesian security forces that intensified last year. (*)



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A sad story of education from Papuan outreached and border areas



Pupils at schools in outreached Papua. – Jubi/Dok

Jayapura, Jubi – Education, in Papua today is still a sad story since many schools in outreached or border areas have to struggle to continue their activities even without adequate support from the government.

An educational activist Agustinus Kadepa said the education in Papua, especially in the border and outreached areas, is a complex issue, from the lack of teachers’ attendance to lack of teaching facilities that hampers the learning activities at school.

“This is complicated. Furthermore, we know that a good and qualified educational education could exist when it gains support from many aspects, namely the economy, educational facilities, public awareness of education and so on. Therefore, I think these factors have made many teachers prefer to live in town rather than in those remote areas,” said Kadepa on Thursday (24/1/2019).

Another factor is when teachers apply for the position of civil servants. It has an indirect impact on the number of teachers staying at schools, especially in remote areas. Because most of those teachers would accept the new position as a civil servant and choose to live in town rather than continue teaching in remote areas.

Meanwhile, this problem also considered by the village chief of Kampung Moso, Muara Tami Sub-district of Jayapura Municipality, Agus Watapoa. He said that all the time the primary schools of the Indonesian and PNG border have not a sufficient number of teachers. Therefore, the children are neglected and cannot study at school.

“Teachers who teach in this school village come late to school, at 10 in the morning. So this school is not well running. It’s still open but just not running very well because we only have two classes with a roof,” he said. (*)

Reporter: Agus Pabika

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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